Chapter 13 – Apush

key phrases:

Corrupt deal:

In favor of Adams, the alleged deal between presidential candidates John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay will be determined by the Home of Representatives.

Although by no means confirmed, the allegation became the rallying cry for supporters of Andrew Jackson, who had actually received a plurality of the favored vote in 1824.

unhealthy system:

A coverage of rewarding political supporters with a public workplace, previously widely employed at the federal level by Andrew Jackson.

Following was widely abused by unscrupulous office-seekers, yet it helped cement the loyalty of social solidarity within a growing two-party system.

Hate Pay:

Notable for its unprecedented exorbitant duty on imports.

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Southerners strongly opposed the tariff, arguing that it harmed Southern farmers, who did not benefit from the protection of the tariff, although they were forced to pay increased costs to the manufactures.

Zeroing Disaster:

The showdown between President Andrew Jackson and the South Carolina legislature, which declared the 1832 tariffs null and void within the state and threatened secession if federal officials tried to collect the duties.

It was settled through negotiations by Henry Clay in 1833.

Settlement Payment of 1833:

As a measure to solve the abatement disaster, it was supplied that the tariffs be progressively reduced over ten years, in the 1816 range.

Pressure Invoice:

With the settlement fee assigned by Congress, it gave the president approval to use the Navy to collect federal tariff duties.

Indian Expulsion Act:

Ordered Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi to seize newly established Indian territory west of Arkansas and Missouri.

Tribes that resisted the eviction were forcibly removed by the US military, usually after a long hiatus of military fighting was authorized.

Path of Tears:

Pushed 15,000 Cherokee Indians from their Georgia and Alabama homes into Indian territory.

About 4,000 Cherokee died in the arduous journey.

Black Hawk Clash:

A collection of conflicts in Illinois and Wisconsin between the American army and the Indian chiefs of the Sock and Fox tribes, again the Hawkes, who unsuccessfully attempted to reclaim territory lost under the Indian Expulsion Act of 1830.

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Financial Institution War:

Fight between President Andrew Jackson and Congressional supporters of the United States Financial Institution over the renewal of the financial institution in 1832.

Jackson vetoed the financial institution’s invoice, arguing that the financial institution favored the work of money at the expense of Western farmers.

Anti-Masonic Get Together:

First established in New York, it had considerable influence in New England and the Mid-Atlantic during the election of 1832, campaigning in opposition to the politically influential Masonic Order, a secret society.

The Anti-Mason opposed Andrew Jackson, a mason, and received much help from evangelical Protestants.

Pet Financial Institutions:

The preferred time period for pro-Jackson state banks, when Andrew Jackson moved to liquidate the United States Financial Institution in 1833, received most federal deposits.

Species round:

A U.S. Treasury decree required that every single public land be “exhausted” or purchased with foreign funds of steel.

The problem came when small state-run banks flooded the market with unreliable paper foreign currency, fueling the West’s concept of land.

Panic of 1837:

The financial disaster stemmed from financial institution failures, exorbitant grain costs, and Andrew Jackson’s efforts to prevent additional hypotheses on western land and transportation reforms.

In response, President Martin Van Buren proposed a “divorce invoicing” that completely took Treasury funds out of the banking system, contracting credit score assignments.

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Alamo:

Texas fort where four hundred American volunteers were massacred by Santa Anna in 1836.

“Remember the Alamo” became a battle cry in support of Texan independence.

Goliad:

The Texas outpost where American volunteers laid down their weapons and surrendered was assassinated by Mexican forces in 1836.

This event, including the slaughter at the Alamo, promoted aid for Texan independence.

Battle of San Jacinto:

Due to the seizure of the Mexican dictator Santa Anna, who was forced to withdraw his troops from Texas and accept the Rio Grande as the southwestern border of Texas.

People to know:

John Quincy Adams:

The son of John Adams, the sixth President of the United States, who sought to modernize the American financial system and promote training.

Andrew Jackson:

The seventh president of the United States, who abolished the financial institution of the United States, as president.

He was a supporter of states’ rights, a strong opponent of nationwide financial institution, enacted the Indian Expulsion Act and supported slavery.

Denmark Vesey:

The African-American man best known for planning the 1822 slave revolt in America.

Chapter 13 - Apush

John C Calhoun:

Chief American politician, political theorist and strong nationalist.

He advocated protecting tariffs, states’ rights, restricted authorities, abolition and free commerce, and is best recognized for his protection of slavery.

Chapter 13 - Apush

Black Hawk:

Sauk American tribe chief and warrior.

Chapter 13 - Apush

Nicholas Biddle:

American financier who served as president of the United States of America’s second financial institution.

Chapter 13 - Apush

Daniel Webster:

The outstanding American statesman and senator from Massachusetts served as the mainstay during the interwar civil struggle.

Chapter 13 - Apush

Henry Clay:

American lawyers, politicians, and expert speakers representing Kentucky, who came up with the American system.

Chapter 13 - Apush

Martin Van Buren:

The eighth president of the United States who was a key organizer of Democratic Get Together, an important determination within the Second Get Together system, and a key determination in the creation of Jacksonian democracy.

Chapter 13 - Apush

Stephen Austin:

The American empresario is named the Daddy of Texas.

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He led to a second, though first occupied, and eventually profitable colonization of the region.

Chapter 13 - Apush

Sam Houston:

19th-century American statesman, statesman, and soldier best known for his work during the annexation of Texas to the United States.

Chapter 13 - Apush

Santa Anna:

Mexican statesman and fundamentalist who greatly influenced early Mexican politics and officials.

He fought in opposition to Mexican independence from Spain.

Chapter 13 - Apush

William Henry Harrison:

The ninth president of the United States, an American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in the workplace.

Chapter 13 - Apush

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